What are water filtration systems?

If you’ve had just enough of buying and carrying bottled water from your local hypermarket then you should know that there are filtration systems that will remove the impurities found in tap water at decent costs. Most of these devices called water filtration systems will transform the tap water into drinkable water, so you can forget about getting worried every time you take a sip of tap water.

What are water filtration systems?
These devices will remove impurities from water using any of these three methods: creating a fine physical barrier, using a biologic process or a chemical process. They are used for drinking water, for swimming poos or for irrigation purposes.

Before you decide to buy a water filtration system, you should know what to expect from it. The most common inconvenience of tap water is the iron, copper or aluminum found inside it. Old pluming systems, the poor filtration system of the water network or damages of the pipes can cause residues like lead, iron copper and aluminum to get in the water flow, right into our water glasses and from there in our bodies. If these elements accumulate into large quantities, they can cause poisoning, which may lead to skin disorders, bone diseases and can ultimately affect our sight. It is a known fact that prolonged exposure to the chlorine found in water can have serious consequences on our health since chlorine compounds are carcinogens. An additional water filter that’s easy to install can be purchased and installed on the kitchen faucet. It will remove the lead, copper and aluminum residues found in water, as well as the impurities of the pipe. Although doctors recommend such filters to be installed for people who have health problems (pregnant women, children, patients with diabetes or liver problems), anyone who understands the risks of having your organism bombed with these harmful elements should get such a filtration system. A doctor knows that it’s better to prevent than to treat any type of disease.

Water filtration systems types


Plant Filters for Water Treatment
These water filters include media filters, screen filters, disc filters, low speed sand filters, high speed sand filters and textile filters. They are used in large industrial plants that clean the water for an entire city, removing biological or chemical waste.


Home Water Filters for domestic use
There are several types of filters that can be used at home, including granular activated carbon filters (GAC), metal alloy water filters, ceramic water filters, carbon resins and ultrafiltration membranes. Some filter units use multiple filters at once (composite filter technology) while other systems include boiling filters to reduce the sludge and sediments.


Portable Water Filters
There are water systems that can be used outdoors in emergency situations by different organizations or by military. These water systems are small, lightweight and they are usually operated by a manual pump. Other such devices will filtrate the water using a dripping technology. These types of filters manage to remove bacteria, certain types of microorganisms and microbial cysts, all of which are dangerous to human health. They can also destroy viruses such as hepatitis A or rotavirus (depending on the type you choose to buy). These filtering systems include removable mesh filters that should be replaced from time to time, once they are obsolete. Even the ceramic portable water filters need to be changed when the inner surface gets glossy (it means it is loaded with impurities). These filters should not be confused with water purifiers.

Home Made Water Filtration System

Home Made Water Filters
Although I do not advise you to buy or use such filters, they exist and I have to include them in the list. They are usually made of materials like grass, carbon and sand and are used by soldiers or outdoor trip enthusiasts. Although these devices can be constructed at low costs, you have no guarantee that they actually work.